2006-01-11 at 9:50:00 am #13759
Americans are energy gluttons. We comprise less than 5 percent of the world’s population, but consume 25 percent of all oil produced daily, about 20 million barrels or 840 million gallons.
We burn oil like there’s no end to the stuff, though experts estimate we’ve got 80 years’ supply left at current consumption rates.
Is it time for an oil change?
It takes 98 tons of prehistoric plant material to produce one gallon of gasoline.
Since the Industrial Revolution began in 1751, the amount of fossil fuels burned is equivalent to all plant growth on Earth for the last 13,300 years.
At full production in 2020 or beyond, proposed drilling in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR) is estimated to produce 800,000 barrels of oil daily, 0.7 percent of global production.
Opening ANWR to oil production would reduce the price of a barrel of oil (currently at $60) by an estimated 50 cents or less.
It took 125 years to consume the first trillion barrels of oil. It’s estimated that the next trillion will be used up in just 30 years.
The United States is the third largest producer of oil in the world after Russia and Saudi Arabia, generating 7.5 million barrels a day.
Sixty-two percent of our oil is imported; 25 percent comes from Alaska; the rest comes from Texas, California, Louisiana and other states.
On average, every man, woman and child in the United States uses three gallons of oil daily. Transportation accounts for two of those gallons.
One-sixth of the world’s oil production is used for transportation purposes in the United States.
Almost 300 million barrels of oil could be saved each year by raising U.S. auto-efficiency standards by 2.75 miles per gallon.
If the tires of all cars on U.S. roads were properly inflated, it would save an estimated 2 billion gallons of gas each year.
If every car carried one additional passenger on its daily commute, 32 million gallons of gasoline would be saved daily.
An estimated 27 million gallons of gasoline are wasted each day in U.S. traffic jams, enough to fill 134 supertankers.
A 150-watt personal computer left on continuously for a year consumes the electricity equivalent of 100 gallons of oil.
The amount of energy leaking from American windows each year is equivalent to 820 million barrels of oil.
In 1995, the city of Stockholm purchased 750,000 gallons of red wine for conversion into ethanol to fuel its public buses.
A M1 Abrams main battle tank gets 0.56 miles per gallon of fuel.
An F-16 warplane consumes more fuel in one hour than an average car does in two years.
It takes 390 gallons of oil to produce one ton of paper.
Recycling one ton of plastic saves, on average, the energy equivalent of 197 gallons of gasoline.
One barrel of crude oil produces 21/2 quarts of virgin motor oil. One gallon of used motor oil can be recycled into one gallon of usable motor oil.
If every household in the United States replaced one package of 20-count trash bags made from virgin plastic with 100 percent recycled plastic bags, it would save 101,500 barrels of oil – enough to heat and cool 5,800 American homes for a year, reduce landfill space by 1.8 million feet (the equivalent of 2,700 filled garbage trucks) and eliminate 37,800 tons of pollutants.
When the lunar module of Apollo 11 landed on the moon in 1969, it had just 20 seconds’ worth of fuel left.
Roughly 60 percent of Americans change their own motor oil, but many simply dump the used oil down drains, sewers or into the trash, an amount equal each year to the Exxon Valdez spilling its full load five times.
One gallon of recycled motor oil generates 38 kilowatts of electricity, enough to power an average household almost 24 hours, cook 48 meals in a microwave oven, blow hair dry with a dryer 216 times, vacuum a house for 15 months or run a TV for 180 hours.
One quart of motor oil can pollute 250,000 gallons of water.
Roughly 6 million tons of petroleum products end up in the world’s oceans each year.
In the last 10 years, more than 1 billion gallons of oil have been spilled in the oceans worldwide.
It takes approximately three quarts of oil to produce one new printer ink cartridge.
Converting all agricultural waste in the United States into oil and gas would yield the energy equivalent of 4 billion barrels annually.
A 175-pound man can be converted (via thermal depolymerization, a process that uses pressure and heat to reduce complex organic materials) into 38 pounds of oil and 7 pounds of gas, plus minerals and water.
Oil facts were drawn from:
Environmental Information Administration, U.S. Department of Energy; Jeff Dukes, University of Utah; American Petroleum Institute; U.S. Department of Energy; Safe Energy Communication Council; Harper’s; Natural Resources Defense Council; University of Colorado Environmental Center; Texas Transportation Institute; Tank Automotive Command, U.S. Army; Newdle Strategic Media; NASA; A.H. Rosenfeld, UC Berkeley; Stockholm County Council; Planning for Higher Education Journal, 2003; Ohio Department of Natural Resources