20 NEW OCEAN SPECIES FOUND IN INDONESIA

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20 NEW OCEAN SPECIES FOUND IN INDONESIA

 user 2007-03-28 at 9:35:00 am Views: 64
  • #17368

    20 new ocean species found in Indonesia
    Twenty
    new species of sharks and rays have been discovered in Indonesia in a
    five-year survey of catches at local fish markets, Australian
    researchers said Wednesday.The survey by the Australian Commonwealth
    Scientific and Industrial Research Organization, or CSIRO, represents
    the first in-depth look at Indonesia’s sharks and rays since Dutch
    scientist Pieter Bleeker described more than 1,100 fish species from
    1842-60.Researchers said six of their discoveries have been described
    in peer review journals, including the Bali Catshark and Jimbaran
    Shovelnose Ray, found only in Bali, and the Hortle’s Whipray, found
    only in West Papua.

    Papers on the remaining 14 are being prepared.
    “Indonesia
    has the most diverse shark and ray fauna and the largest shark and ray
    fishery in the world, with reported landings of more than 100,000 tons
    a year,” said William White, a co-author of the study. “Before this
    survey, however, there were vast gaps in our knowledge of sharks and
    rays in this region.”From 2001 to 2006, researchers photographed and
    sampled more than 130 species on 22 survey trips to 11 ports across
    Indonesia. More than 800 specimens were lodged in reference collections
    at the Museum Zoologicum Bogoriense at Cibinong, Java, and the
    Australian National Fish Collection at Hobart.The survey was part of a
    broader project working toward improved management of sharks and rays
    in Indonesia and Australia, researchers said.”Good taxonomic
    information is critical to managing shark and ray species, which
    reproduce relatively slowly and are extremely vulnerable to
    overfishing,” White said in a statement. “It provides the foundation
    for estimating population sizes, assessing the effects of fishing and
    developing plans for fisheries management and conservation.”